There is a large volume of possibly contagious and unsafe materials generated by health centres every single day. Medical waste consists of treated and untreated materials, for instance, animal waste, microbiological waste, pathological waste, animal and human blood and fluids, medicines, medical tools, etc. These items need to be specially taken care of to keep the environment, animals, and people safe.
If medical waste is not managed correctly, it can cause hospital-acquired infections in members of staff, patients, visitors, scavengers, and people who live in the vicinity. Medical waste contains sharp tools which are used for operations and injections on people with different types of diseases. These tools contain bacteria and viruses because they are not treated, hence if a person or scavenger is pricked by them, they pick up similar infections as those treated with those objects.
Also, bacteria and viruses from the waste are transferred to people when individuals who come into contact with the waste materials touch surfaces like counter tops, furniture, reading materials, etc., and other people. This action leaves bacteria on the surfaces that they touch, and when other people come into contact with the same surfaces, they pick up the germs and continue spreading them. These germs can cause them ailments if they do not disinfect their hands immediately before touching other things.
Another significant risk for not handling medical waste materials correctly is the repack and resale of medical objects and medicine by unscrupulous traders. Waste materials should not be recycled unless they are critically treated under carefully chosen mechanisms. Some people may lay their hands on various objects, give them a mere clean and repackage them or repack wasted medicine and send it back to the market. This is dangerous because the untreated medical objects might still carry germs which can lead to infections, while wasted medicine may fail to heal or impact on human and animal health negatively.
Therefore, a health centre should aim to contain all waste materials excellently to safeguard the health of their users. Medical waste management is regulated by the government authorities, and every health centre must carefully consider the comoany which they hire for the role. The most crucial factor they must consider is whether the medical waste management company they intend to hire is licensed. The company should comply with all stipulated rules provided by the authorities.
The other critical element to consider is the company’s accessibility and how often they plan to collect waste. Frequent garbage collection gets rid of the waste from the health centre’s premises and prevents conflict with the law. It significantly minimizes the risks it poses to the health of the centre’s users and neighbors, making the health facility more bearable and safer.